The scope of the project is the development of Materials Research Laboratory of Atomki into a higher research level. The realization of the project takes place in the form of a consortium with the University of Debrecen. The leader of the consortium is the University of Debrecen. In the frame of the project an improvement of the technical level of the Laboratory and a research program will be carried out. New scientific instruments will be installed in the Laboratory: X-Ray Diffractometer (XRD) and an electron microscope equipped with a focused ion beam source. The main research areas of the project are: study of interactions between an optical sensitive material and light (or ions and electrons); study of surface atomic layers prepared in ultrahigh vacuum; preparation of 1D objects and 2D atomic layers; study of ion-surface interactions and ion beam surface modification; surface functionalization of silica aerogels and investigation of their fracture mechanism.